“The first mentioned Apostle (Simon Peter) denied Jesus with an oath, the one last referred to (Judas) sold Him for thirty pieces of silver and has gone into eternity with the awful sin of murder charged against him. The difference between the two is this: their sins were almost equally great, but the first repented and the grace of God had its perfect work in him and he was the object of Christ’s forgiveness; the second was filled with remorse without repentance and grace was rejected. The first became one of the mightiest preachers in the world’s history; the second fills us with horror whenever we read the story of his awful crime.”—J. Wilbur Chapman.
A brief history of the 12 Disciples:
As God is omniscient, (all knowing) He knows our past, present and future. Just as He knew the first Man would sin, He foreknew whom would be chosen as Christ’s closest, most loyal followers during His thirty-three years on earth.
He also foreknew one of His Disciples would betray Him:
Who appointed the 12 Disciples?
- Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him. Matthew 10:2-4 † Mark 3:18 † Luke 6:14
The Twelve appointed, (chosen and called) by Jesus: Simon Peter; Andrew; James, the son of Zebedee; John; Philip; Bartholomew; Thomas; Matthew; James, the son of Alphaeus; Thaddaeus; Simon; and Judas.
Commentary re: Mark 3:13-21: “Christ calls whom He will; for His grace is His own. He had called the apostles to separate themselves from the crowd, and they came unto Him. He now gave them power to heal sicknesses, and to cast out devils.”—Matthew Henry.
The ‘Authority and Power’ of the 12 Apostles:
- “The apostles, preeminently Peter, were given the Keys of the Kingdom, with the assurance that whatsoever they should bind on earth should be bound in heaven, and whatsoever they should loose on earth should be loosed in heaven (Matthew 16:13-19; Matthew 18:18; John 20:22,23);”
- “The apostles went forth under the direct guidance of the Holy Spirit (Matthew 10:16-20; John 14:16,17,26; John 15:26; John 16:7-11; Acts 2:6-8); and they spoke as He gave them utterance (Acts 2:1-4).”
- Then he called his twelve disciples together, and gave them power and authority over all devils, and to cure diseases. And he sent them to preach the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick. Luke 9:1-2 • ¹
What is a friend? Jesus, speaking to His disciples:
Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you. John 15:15
King David foretold the betrayal of Judas: Men and brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus. Acts 1:16
- Many believe the following verse is representative of the instance in which Acts 1:16 refers to: Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me. Psalms 41:9
- After reviewing Psalms 41:9, consider these words from Jesus: I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me. John 13:18
The Betrayal: Judas “walked no more” with Jesus:
Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover. And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people. Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve. Luke 22:1-3 And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray him; John 13:2 And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly. Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him. John 13:27-28 † Commentary.
Commentary: “Did not I choose you the twelve, and one of you is a devil” (John 6:70). Then follows John’s commentary, “Now he spake of Judas the son of Simon Iscariot, for he it was that should betray him, being one of the twelve” (John 6:71), implying that Judas was already known to Jesus as being in spirit one of those who “went back, and walked no more with him” (John 6:66). International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.
“He that eateth my bread lifted up his heel against me,” John 13:10, 18), but again without being named. It seemed as if Jesus wished to give Judas every opportunity, even at this late hour, of repenting and making his confession. For the last time, when they had sat down to eat, Jesus appealed him thus with the words, “One of you shall betray me” (Matthew 26:21 Mark 14:18 Luke 22:21 John 13:21). And at the end, in answer to the anxious queries of His disciples, “Is it I?” He indicated His betrayer, not by name, but by a sign: “He it is, for whom I shall dip the sop, and give it him” (John 13:26).
“Immediately upon its reception, Judas left the supper room; the opportunity which he sought for was come (compare John 13:30 Matthew 26:16). There is some doubt as to whether he actually received the eucharistic bread and wine previous to his departure or not, but most modern commentators hold that he did not. On his departure, Judas made his way to the high priests and their followers, and coming upon Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane, he betrayed his Master with a kiss.” (Matthew 26:47-50 Mark 14:43, 44 Luke 22:47 John 18:2-5).—International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.
WHERE was “His Own Place” for Judas?
That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place. Acts 1:25
- “To his own place. An awful phrase, showing that every man has the place in eternity which he has made for himself in time.”—Pulpit Commentary.
- “His own place; hell, or destruction, not intended by Judas, but righteously by God appointed for him: whilst he was in the world (especially after his betraying of our Saviour) he was a usurper in it; and as bad as the world was, it was too good for him. That these words should be understood of Matthias’s succeeding to the apostleship of Judas as into his own place, is the less probable, because as yet he was not chosen into it.”—Matthew Poole’s Commentary.
Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, KJV: Matthew 27:3
- Commentary (Matthew 27:3): “Casting down the money, Judas departed, and went and hanged himself, not being able to bear the terror of Divine wrath, and the anguish of despair. There is little doubt but that the death of Judas was before that of our blessed Lord. But was it nothing to them that they had thirsted after this blood, and hired Judas to betray it, and had condemned it to be shed unjustly? Thus do fools make a mock at sin. Thus many make light of Christ crucified. And it is a common instance of the deceitfulness of our hearts, to make light of our own sin by dwelling upon other people’s sins. But the judgment of God is according to truth. Many apply this passage of the buying the piece of ground, with the money Judas brought back, to signify the favour intended by the blood of Christ to strangers, and sinners of the Gentiles. It fulfilled a prophecy, Zec 11:12. Judas went far toward repentance, yet it was not to salvation. He confessed, but not to God; he did not go to Him, and say, I have sinned, Father, against heaven. Let none be satisfied with such partial convictions as a man may have, and yet remain full of pride, enmity, and rebellion.”—Matthew Henry.
- “Repented himself (μεταμεληθείς). This word (differing from μετανοέω, which expresses change of heart) denotes only a change of feeling, a desire that what has been done could be undone; this is not repentance in the Scripture sense; it springs not from love of God, it has not that character which calls for pardon.”—Pulpit Commentary.
What is Perdition? Jesus, referring to Judas:
- While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled. John 17:12
- Perdition=”Entire loss; utter destruction; ruin; esp., the utter loss of the soul, or of final happiness in a future state; future misery or eternal death.”— Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary
“When and how did the Twelve Apostles die?”—Amazing Bible Timeline